Air and Light House, VELUX Model Home 2020

  • Building Type : Isolated or semi-detached house
  • Construction Year : 2011
  • Delivery year : 2011
  • Address 1 - street : 35 Chemin des Justices 91370 VERRIèRES LE BUISSON, France
  • Climate zone : [Cfb] Marine Mild Winter, warm summer, no dry season.

  • Net Floor Area : 188 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 350 000 €
  • Cost/m2 : 1861.7 €/m2

Proposed by :

Certifications :

  • Primary energy need :
    35 kWhep/m2.an
    (Calculation method : RT 2012 )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
A
51 à 90B
B
91 à 150C
C
151 à 230D
D
231 à 330E
E
331 à 450F
F
> 450G
G
Energy-intensive building

1. Context

The Air & Light House is a European call for projects launched in 2009 by VELUX "ModelHome 2020", to experiement new ways of designing the habitat of the future, with the experimental construction of a detached house destined to reach a positive energy balance (Active House) and a neutral environmental impact, focusing on the comfort of its inhabitants.

2. Feedback

This experimentation and its organisation was rich in lessons, since the project was open to professionals for 6 months then inhabited for a year by a family. this generated a real feedback and allowed us to validate major Active House principles.

This experimentation will let us replicate the concept on individual or collective habitats for a sustainable comfort that saves energy and resources while stressing on a reasoned bioclimatic design and recycling fatal energies.

See more details about this project

 http://www.maisonairetlumiere.fr

Data reliability

3rd part certified

Stakeholders

    Construction Manager

    CARDONNEL Ingénierie

    PREVOT SEBASTIEN


    Contractor

    VELUX France

    Catherine Juillard


    Designer

    NOMADE Architectes

    communication@nomade.info

Contracting method

Other methods

Owner approach of sustainability

The Air & Light House VELUX ® Model Home 2020 was designed in a bioclimatic approach to produce more energy than it consumes. This is meant to implement a concept developed by VELUX ®: integrate the construction of a house into a holistic approach to consider all the design parameters of a contemporary home with a low environmental footprint, to offer a "whole package" combining quality and comfort of life.

Architectural description

ModelHome 2020 by VELUX:
- Timber frame (wood and zinc on facades)
- Solar and photovoltaic panels
- Heat pump, double flow ventilation, WINDOWS MASTER system (autmated management of heating, ventilation and solar protection nees) with inner comfort, CO2 and lighting monitoring.
- Weather station that anticipates external factors.
- Instrumentation, monitoring and supervision of consumptions for a year off and during the inhabited period.
- Specifific ModelHome 2020 requirements focusing on comfort of life (daylight, indoor air quality, summer comfort) and energy savings for a Positive Energy Building level, domestic uses included.
- HQE approach, especially followed on this project, inspired by the tertiary buildings requirements.
- BBC (Low Consumption Buildings in France) approach followed

Results:
- A positive energy building on regulatory needs (heating, hot water, lighting, ventilation and distribution), covered domestic consumption to 69%
Thermal comfort of the living room in class 1-2 (very efficient to efficient) according to EN 15251
- Observation on a hot day (36°C outside): the temperature inside the hosue is 8°C colder than outside.

If you had to do it again?

This experimentation and its organisation was rich in lessons, since the project was open to professionals for 6 months then inhabited for a year by a family. this generated a real feedback and allowed us to validate major Active House principles.

This experimentation will let us replicate the concept on individual or collective habitats for a sustainable comfort that saves energy and resources while stressing on a reasoned bioclimatic design and recycling fatal energies.

Building users opinion

The feedback by the PASTOUR family:
"The different seasons are not felt in the house, the house is cool but still bathed in light"
"In summer, we are immersed in the light without feeling hot in the house. "
"The management of the temperature room by room allowed to adapt to individual needs, for example Rayan prefered the temperature of the room is 18°C to sleep well at night. "

Energy consumption

  • 35 kWhep/m2.an
  • 60 kWhep/m2.an
  • RT 2012

  • -8 kWhef/m2.an
  • Heating: 6.5 kWhef/m².year
    Hot Water: 4 kWhef/m².year
    Lighting: 1.3 kWhef/m².year
    Ventilation: 2.1 kWhef / m².year
    Distribution: 0.2 kWhef / m².year
    PV Production: 22.9 kWhef/m².year

    Heating: 8.9 kWhef/m².year
    Hot Water 2.8 kWhef/m².year
    Lighting: 1.7 kWhef/m².year
    Ventilation: 0.66 kWhef/m².year
    PV Production: 22.8 kWhef/m².year

Envelope performance

  • 0 W.m-2.K-1
  • See attached document for energy efficiency

  • 1
  • I4

  • 1

Systems

    • Heat pump
    • Low temperature floor heating
    • Solar thermal
    • Heat pump
    • Solar Thermal
    • No cooling system
    • Natural ventilation
    • Nocturnal ventilation
    • Nocturnal Over ventilation
    • Free-cooling
    • Double flow heat exchanger
    • Solar photovoltaic
    • Solar Thermal
    • Other, specify
  • 100 %

Smart Building

    BMS WINDOWS MASTER control of the whole house and instrumentation of all energy flows and interior comfort

GHG emissions

  • -178 KgCO2/m2/an
  • All consuptions, all uses, including domestic operations

  • 50 an(s)

Indoor Air quality

    Categories 1 to 2 according to EN 15251 in all parts of the house

Health & Comfort

    In the design stage of the Air & Light house, certain aspects were specifically attended to:
    a. Daylight
    Different daylighting simulations were performed to optimize positioning and sizing of vertical windows and roof windows. The goal was to obtain a daylight factor greater or equal to 5% in the living rooms, so as to maximise the well-being of residents and impact down the consumptions of artificial lightings. Ultimately, the glass windows ratio compared to the living surface reaches 33% (or 2 times the regulatory minimum requirements of 1/6 of glassed bays edicted by the French RT2012)
    Attached, natural lighting final analysis done with the VELUX Daylight Visualizer software.

    b) Summer comfort
    The Air and Light house benefitted from a thermal comfort strategy and particularly summer comfort, right from the design stage:
    Structural aspects
    - High concrete floor to increase inertia (the hosue is timber framed)
    - Awining in the south, to protect the terrace and all the southern windows.
    - Strategic positioning of roof windows to exploit the natural thermal draft and crossed natural ventilation
    - For roof windows: use of double glazed windows with solar control.
    *Active systems
    - Automated management of openings (motorized skylights façade, roof windows motorized roof) according to the indoor and outdoor temperature levels (probes) optimization of night cooling in summer - automatic closing roof windows when it rains (Detector Integrated rain to motorized skylights).
    - Automated management of external sunscreens according to the outside temperature and solar radiation.
    Thermal comfort Simulation - Brager diagram attached

    c) Indoor Air Quality:
    * Harmlessness Cage materials
     - Choice of materials classified A +
     - Plasterboard Using Activ'Air® Technology (Placo): active ingredient which captures VOCs, converts to inert species, and thus protecting against the rebroadcasting of pollutants.
    * Systems:
    Establishment of a hybrid ventilation combining the advantages of the double flow mechanical ventilation and natural ventilation by opening windows seasonally. In both cases, the air change is managed according to the level of CO2 and humidity in each room of the house.

    • In testing phase by the family who lived in the house for a year:
    a) quantitative monitoring of energy consumption, water, energy production (photovoltaic tiles) and also rational indicators of comfort:
    * Outside temperature (weather station)
    * Internal temperature in each room
    * CO2 and humidity rate in every room
    b) Monitoring of quality life experience of the family for a year
    * Blog run by family
    * Monitoring conducted by the sociological sociologist Monique Eleb.
    Monique Eleb, researcher and member of ACS Laboratory the National School of Architecture Paris-Malaquais.

    • Feedback:
    Following this comprehensive approach for monitoring and tracking the life experience, the key points of feedback are:
    a) positive energy balance: consumption of regulatory positions in line with forecasts
    b) The key role of natural light
    * Consumption of artificial lighting: reduced to 1.3 kWh ep / m².year!
    * And especially on the health and well-being of the family - some excerpts from his blog:
    "No more little bit of blues in autumn, it is the effect of light therapy home"
    "A lot of natural light, has become a standard for our future home. When you go to another house, something is missing "
    "In winter we light the light an hour later than our neighbors"
    c) The satisfactory thermal comfort throughout the year including summer
    d) Air quality regulated satisfactorily in the different rooms of the house.
    Very positive testimony of the family: "The air is renewed, it's definitely metter up, forget about airing all the time and the air is really healthy. Health Rayan (11 years elder son) has improved, we would have never believed that he was asthmatic "
    e) Automation and lifestyle:
    One lesson is that the "all automatic" is not realistic. The possibility, as was the case in the house Air and Light, you can take control of the system is essential.
    In parallel, the family could access in real time, thanks to a screen in the house, its water and energy consumption and energy production figures from home. Here are excerpts from his blog:
    "We could see that on the screen of sunshine days ago SBIPS big production, it's great! "
    "It is not binding, it is empowering. we will less run the water ... it's easy to put a sweater or less water the garden ... ".
    This virtuous behavior had a direct effect on water consumption:
    The average consumption of the family home Air and Light was 84 liters / day / person or - 44% compared to the average consumption of French.
    More information about the feedback: enclosed brochure.

Product

    Hybrid ventilation: alliance between natural ventilation by opening the windows and mechanical ventilation double flow

    VELUX - ALDES - WINDOW MASTER

    HVAC, électricité / ventilation, cooling

    Innovative system:Hybrid ventilation controlled by the rate of CO2, humidity and temperature: VMC Double Flux Activated winter (limitation of energy losses) and Natural Ventilation + VMC-Single Feed-season and summer ( synchronized opening vertical transom windows and roof to create a stack effect and nocturnal cooling).

Construction and exploitation costs

  • 295 000

Urban environment

To meet the criteria of environmental, societal and urban requirement of the project, the research field of the future house is oriented areas under Layouts in Ile-de-France. The choice involves a subdivision incorporating specific characteristics to an eco-neighborhood: Parc des Justices on the common Verrieres-le-Buisson (91). The houses in this subdivision are particularly common in the use of the principles of construction and ecological design, while respecting the diversity of styles and architectures, in this city where half the area is wooded.

Land plot area

630 m2

Built-up area

15 %

Parking spaces

1 open garage was feeder

Building Environmental Quality

  • Building flexibility
  • indoor air quality and health
  • acoustics
  • comfort (visual, olfactive, thermal)
  • water management
  • energy efficiency
  • integration in the land
  • building process
  • products and materials
​NOMADE Architectes a développé avec une approche holistique un ‘Concept Home’, habitat contemporain à faible empreinte environnementale, alliant qualité et confort de vie.

· Une maison de conception bioclimatique et contextualisée : s’adapte à son environnement, en tenant compte de l’orientation, des vues, de la luminosité.

· Un concept transposable : une forme adaptable à d’autres configurations urbaines, par une composition en trois volumes de base modulables.

· Une cinquième façade active : le toit devient la « cinquième façade » par une optimisation des pentes commesurfaces de captage solaires.

· Une maison autosuffisante et responsable : conçue afin de produire plus d’énergie qu’elle n’en consomme, par une attention particulière portée à la qualité de l’enveloppe et à sa perméabilité, au choix des matériaux retenus pour leur faible impact environnemental, à l’orientation des ouvertures, à la ventilation naturelle et aux systèmes de production d’énergie (capteurs solaires et cellules photovoltaïques intégrés aux toitures pour la production d’eau chaude et d’électricité, pompe à chaleur pour le chauffage, ventilation double flux et système domotique pour le pilotage de la ventilation, du chauffage et des apports solaires).

· Une maison ouverte sur le ciel : L’ensemble des pièces disposent d’un apport de lumière naturelle abondant mais maîtrisé afin de ne pas produire de surchauffe en été.

· Une maison aérée et saine : La volumétrie générale associée à la disposition des ouvertures en façade et en toiture créé une convection naturelle qui favorise la ventilation naturelle.

· Une maison à géométrie variable : cette maison peut évoluer dans son enveloppe intérieure, avec notamment la possibilité de transformer la mezzanine ‘pièce en plus’ ou par l’ajout de modules.

· Une maison moderne : gestion domotique du chauffage, de la ventilation et de la luminosité naturelle. Ce système pilote automatiquement l’ouverture ou la fermeture des fenêtres, des volets et du chauffage, en fonction de l’ambiance intérieure recherchée et des conditions climatiques.

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Green Building Solutions Awards 2015



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