- Address 1 - street : 047131 TAFILELTE - GHARDAIA , Algérie
- Key words : sustainable cities, climate adaptation, local materials,
A very special human experience by its approaches: social,
- the contribution of traditional social institutions
- the proposal of a rational environment of the habitat.
- The human involvement - especially in its cultural dimension - in the implementation of his home.
- The conscious interpretation of the old architectural heritage
- The mandatory implantation in a rocky environment to preserve the ecosystem of the oasis which is very fragile.
Type of territory
M'Zab valley is a universal heritage, classified by UNESCO (1982), with its ksourien planning (pyramid shape) and its Oasis hardly formed in an arid environment. Since about two decades Algeria has a deep housing crisis across the country, due to population growth. Moreover, the Mzab is a region in southern Algeria which has a Muslim population practicing Ibadi sect in general. One that refers strictly to the holy book, the Qur'an, and the Sunnah, as is also characterized as much by the tolerant appearance dictated by God by solidarity between people. Add to this a number of social practices by Ibadites Mzab and social organization of pyramidal type that fall under all of the precepts of Islam. Thus, a set of families (different surnames) gathers in a large family, "Achira". They find themselves in a "Arch" and within the religious structure, known as "El Halquat Azaba" that guide spiritually, directs and advises socially.
Culture and heritage
Facing the national crisis in architecture and urban planning, a peculiar experience in Mzab Valley deserves to be studied, it is a new city, called the Ksar Tafilelt, conducted south of Beni -Isguen. Its initiators, gathered around a non-profit association "Amidoul" relied for the success of the project on the development of the heritage material and immaterial heritage of ancient ksour Mzab alongside research on the bioclimatic architecture, while adapting to the conveniences of modern life. Tafilelt of designers and process the reinterpretation of urban and architectural principles of traditional houses Mozabites given real meaning to the concept of cooperation and mutual assistance through the touiza, redefining the know-how and the reinterpretation of symbolic elements the ancient ksour, by involving the traditional social institutions. Tafilelt thus a new city which is in a social context, ecological and economic heritage, worthy of the current sustainable development values
The new Ksar complies with the requirements of sustainable development and is a fine example of bioclimatic building, assimilating educational architecture and ecological principles, with the objective of responding to a request of young people and contribute to the fight against the housing crisis, supported , for his part, Moussa Amara, engineer Amidoul member of the foundation. This new urban center, built with local materials, has incorporated the standards of responsible water management, wastewater recycling and recovery of household waste through the appropriate channels, he said. For its flexibility and humanistic approach, the experience can be generalized Tafilelt, provided there is good will, the spirit of sacrifice and volunteerism, believe the responsible Amidoul foundation. The Ksar is in an environmental sense and sustainable development, creating a balance between man and his environment and in order to live better by drawing on some traditional customs that allowed oasis in general and especially those of Mzab to survive in a hostile and harsh environment, they said. Launched in 1997, this new Ksar, which extends on a rocky site of an area of 22 hectares, has 1050 homes and is designed for a better quality of life, based on the conscious interpretation of ancient architectural heritage and preservation of the environment.
Biodiversity and natural areas
functional Zoo Location: Kasr Device Tafilelt Tajdit, Beni Isguen, Ghardaia Project idea: Create a park in the rocky area of intoxicating Ksar Tafilelt. ● leisure component: Creation of green spaces for families and different social strata (Green area, Extended water). ● Climatic and ecological component: Creation of ecological reflex. (Training Centre, workshops). ● In economic terms: Rationalize expenditure of urban planning. (Treatment plant wastewater, Solar Station). ● Scientific Component: Introduction of special scientific practices to the desert area. (Conference Room, Science Lab). ● cultural component: Bring citizens to reflect on their ecological environment. (Zoo animal and plant species in desert areas).