Waste House

  • Building Type : School, college, university
  • Construction Year : 2013
  • Delivery year : 2014
  • Address 1 - street : 58–67 Grand Parade BN2 0JY BRIGHTON , United Kingdom
  • Climate zone : [Cfb] Marine Mild Winter, warm summer, no dry season.

  • Net Floor Area : 85 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 250 000 €
  • Cost/m2 : 2941.18 €/m2
  • Primary energy need :
    22.5 kWhpe/m2.year
    (Calculation method : Other )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
A
51 à 90B
B
91 à 150C
C
151 à 230D
D
231 à 330E
E
331 à 450F
F
> 450G
G
Energy-intensive building
​The Brighton Waste House is the first permanent ‘carbon negative’ public building in Europe to be constructed from approximately 90% waste, surplus material & discarded plastic gathered from the construction and other industries, as well as our homes. It has Full Planning & Building Regulations Approvals. It tries to prove “that there is no such thing as waste, just stuff in the wrong place!” 

About 65% of the waste material utilised in this building is from the notoriously wasteful construction industry (around 20% of construction material ends up in landfill-WRAP). However the idea was developed further with Cat Fletcher founder of FREEGLE UK. Cat suggested the we draw attention to the huge environmental consequences of throwing away everyday consumable domestic objects, as well as including other industrial waste streams in the project. Therefore the Waste House also ‘locks’ other sources of waste material, often utilising it as low to medium grade insulation.

One of the main aims of the project was to prove “that there is no such thing and waste, just stuff in the wrong place”. It is also an exercise in truly open accessible collaborative design and construction. This innovative low energy building was constructed completely by over 360 students & volunteers as young as 15 years old. 

The project continues a line of research by BBM considering truly sustainable sources of materials and construction systems, or to be more precise truly ‘circular metabolisms’ that will one day help create a ‘Circular Economy’. Baker-Brown’s experience on this project has enabled him to write a book ‘The Re-Use Atlas: A designers guide towards a Circular Economy’.

See more details about this project

 http://arts.brighton.ac.uk/projects/wastehouse/learn-about-the-waste-house
 https://www.dezeen.com/2014/06/19/waste-house-by-bbm-architects-is-uks-first-permanent-building-made-from-rubbish/

Data reliability

Self-declared

Contractor

    THE MEARS GROUP

    GARY LESTER

Construction Manager

    THE MEARS GROUP

    DAVID PENDEGRASS

Stakeholders

    Others

    GREATER BRIGHTON METROPOLITAN COLLEGE (FORMERLY CITY COLLEGE BRIGHTON AND HOVE)

    TOM DOWDS HEAD OF CONSTRUCTION CURRICULUM

    Tom Dowds allowed 275 of his construction students to be involved in the building of the Waste House

Contracting method

General Contractor

Owner approach of sustainability

The UK construction industry is wasteful, often discarding around 20% of all material that arrives on a construction site. I became convinced that we could create a new construction project tackling broader issues than those previously embraced, and therefore to deliver the UK’s first permanent building made from material discarded by the construction industry.

To prove that it was possible to construct a building using waste material, it was crucial that this project would not be another temporary shed or bus shelter. We had to create a permanent building,with very high levels of energy efficiency that attained full planning and Building Regulations approval. This would ensure that all students and other partners involved would learn how to construct an authentic low-energy building,something that was lacking within the design and construction industry, and that this process would be properly recorded for other to learn from.

In August 2012 I called a mini ‘waste summit’,where I met Cat Fletcher, who helped form Freegle UK, ‘an exchange for unwanted stuff’, with over 2.2 million subscribers. Together we met with Dr Ryan Woodard, a Research Fellow at The University of Brighton who has been working in waste management research for more than 15 years, along with product designer and academic Nick Gant and Diana Lock from the environmental management consultancy Remade South East. We contrived a plan for redesigning the build so that it was constructed of waste and surplus material from the construction industry. Following Fletcher’s suggestion, we also considered collecting items of waste material currently flooding domestic waste sites – material such as VHS videotapes and CDs. The idea developed from a project that focused only on waste from the construction industry to one that would raise awareness of how wasteful we all are in our everyday domestic lives. This would open up the project to a bigger audience, as well as change it from an exemplar construction project that could directly inform the construction of many other buildings to something more akin to a polemic, a thought provoker. As the judges of the 2015 RIBA Stephen Lawrence Prize noted: ‘The Brighton Waste House has sufficient scientific integrity to be taken seriously by the construction industry and just enough political clout to influence recycling policy. It is clear this interesting project will continue to question important issues of recycling that affect everyone.

The Design Team for the Waste House comprised architects(BBM Sustainable Design), structural engineers (BBP Consulting Engineers) and environmental engineers (Robinson Associates). My role was brief definer, coordinator and academic.

 

It was agreed that the building should be designed to be as energy efficient as possible. Due to the unusual constraint of being built with waste, the design team didn’t try to deliver a project that met Code for Sustainable Homes or BREEAM requirements. It was decided to run an IES(Integrated Environmental Solutions) digital model to set energy-efficiency benchmarks relating to the site, the programme, the form and orientation, levels of U-values required through the external fabric, as well as ideas for the cost-effective primary energy source (conventional and renewable). It was decided that the building would be electric as far as heat and power were concerned due to services constraints on site. Also, the mechanical, electrical and power installations would be designed to be as efficient as possible: the building would not show an array of ‘green technologies’ as many demonstration ecohouses do, as these buildings are often overly complicated and too expensive. The team wanted to prove that this low-energy building made of waste would be cost effective, fuel efficient, and that it could be built on time and on budget.

Architectural description

The brief for this project was to design and construct a permanent academic building that was also an open studio for use by local community groups,businesses, schools & colleges. The ambition was also to construct the building using material discarded by others and crucially to do this including students and other young people in the design and build process; to use these processes as a 'live' pedagogic tool.

 

The Brighton Waste House as it became known was opened in June 2014 and continues to be a ‘live' on-going research project and permanent new design workshop (itis not a dwelling!) focused on enabling open discussion and understanding of sustainable development. It is situated on campus at The University ofBrighton’s College for Arts & Humanities at Grand Parade. Designed by Senior Lecturer & Architect Duncan Baker-Brown, together with undergraduate architecture & interior architecture students, this project was built by apprentices from The Mears Group, students from City College Brighton & Hove and The Faculty of Arts as well as volunteers. In all over 360 students helped with the project.

 

The Brighton Waste House is the first permanent carbon negative public building inEurope to be constructed from approximately 90% waste, surplus material &discarded plastic gathered from the construction and other industries, as well as our homes. It has Full Planning & Building Regulations Approvals.

 

About65% of the waste material utilised is from the notoriously wasteful construction industry (around 20% of construction material ends up inlandfill - source WRAP). However the idea was developed further with Cat Fletcher founder of FREEGLE UK. Cat suggested the we draw attention to the huge environmental consequences of throwing away everyday consumable domestic objects, as well as including other industrial waste streams in the project.Therefore the Waste House also 'locks' other sources of waste material, often utilising it as low to medium grade insulation.

 

In the meantime we are currently testing the performance of the unusual fabric of the Waste House. For example The Faculty of Science & Engineering embedded sensors in the external walls to monitor their performance. We are also‘locking’ toxic plastic waste to draw attention to the fact that most plastics end up in our ocean GYRE’S. Our ambition is to create a lively debate within and beyond the world of architecture & design about the huge potentials within what is broadly called 'The Circular Economy', and by default to encourage creative thought while highlighting that many positive things are actually happening in UK and beyond; people are already busy trying to sort out these problems, and the Waste House is able to provide inspiration for students, professions and community groups who are interested in contributing to this knowledge exchange.

 

One of the main aims of the project was to prove “that there is no such thing and waste, just stuff in the wrong place”. It is also an exercise in truly open accessible collaborative design and construction. This innovative low energy building was constructed completely by students & volunteers as young as 15years old. Most were around 17 years old.

 

In addition during the 12 month construction period the Waste House site was visited by more than 750 primary and secondary school pupils, many of which brought their old tooth brushes to help fill the wall cavities. Every pupil attended a presentation about the themes and issues relating to the project.

 

Now an open design research studio, run in partnership with our colleagues delivering the Sustainable Design MA on campus who us it as their teaching studio for two days a week, the Brighton Waste House is be available to schools, colleges and community groups for ‘green’ themed events and any interested parties can join in with sustainable design workshops and events curated by designers, artists,makers, builders, scientists writers-in-residence, whoever is interested.

If you had to do it again?

We wouldn't do it again. The Waste House is a 'polemic', a thought-provoker and awareness raiser. In many ways it's job has been done and many more people are aware about the issue of waste in relation to humankind's consuming focused, throwaway lifestyles. However what we would like to replicate in the fully inclusive pedagogic mode utilised.

The Brighton Waste House started out as a design-and-build project, as well as an inclusive learning process to prove that construction waste and surplus material was worth salvaging and not throwing away. Via further research and a policy of inclusive design, the project evolved into more of a polemic rather than an exemplar for the UK housing industry to copy. The Waste House is a vessel containing hundreds of stories associated with the salvaged materials it contains. These stories and narratives resonate through the building and ensure that students, consultants, academics, and whoever asks questions when they use the building, will know more about where stuff comes from and where it normally ends up. Then, perhaps, they might ponder how things might be done differently: how our unintelligent ‘linear economy’, which finds material, then processes it into things that we then throw away, could be changed into a ‘circular economy’ where materials and goods are in a state of perpetual reuse.
The Waste House acquired more than 40 partners during its development. Many of these partners are able to use the building. Schools visit the Waste House and take part in sustainable design workshops with designers, poets, writers, artists and constructors. The University of Brighton’s MA in Sustainable Design is based in the building, and many community groups use it as well.
The unusual external fabric of the building is being monitored to see how it performs compared with more straightforward materials. This information will be published in due course.
Over 450 articles have been published around the world via newspapers, web-based magazines, TV and radio. This project has got people speaking about waste as a valuable resource. To date it has won ten awards and is currently nominated for five more. It appears to have struck a chord.
The Waste House still inspires student on campus as new generations are encouraged to add their design ideas to the building. It is an ongoing, ‘live’ research project. The team, comprising different academic and vocational establishments, the local authority and local contractors, are currently bidding for European grants for future collaborative, innovative construction projects, and the idea of a ‘Live Projects Office’ is a reality for the Faculty of Arts and Humanities.

Building users opinion

The Waste House is an ongoing research project, involving new generations of students being set projects testing, improving and updating the house, whose performance is being constantly monitored by the University of Brighton’s School of Science and Engineering. Since the inception of the Waste House in 2010, the University of Brighton has hosted a website focusing on its development, from an idea through to completion. It is regularly updated and serves as an archive and learning resource.
The themes and challenges embraced by the Waste House have influenced the core curriculum of the undergraduate architecture and interior architecture courses at the university, as well as at partner institution City College Brighton and Hove. I coordinate architecture ‘technology’ and ‘practices’ modules, which use the process of designing and then constructing the Waste House as an inspiration, awareness raiser, and vehicle to deliver RIBA-approved learning outcomes.
Architecture students have considered design projects tackling issues associated with valuing waste as a resource, as well as broader issues relating to the circular economy. One undergraduate architecture student designed a timber construction system that inspired the ‘cassettes’ used in the Waste House. Construction students from City College completed learning modules of their carpentry, electrics, plumbing, brick laying, plastering, decorating and maintenance by working initially in the workshop, but then crucially on the ‘live’ construction site. Cat Fletcher and I delivered lectures to City College construction students, as well as architecture students, as part of their core curriculum. We also gave presentations about waste and designing for a circular economy to children. As part of the University of Brighton’s ongoing Widening Participation Programme, over 750 young people were shown around the construction site during the construction period.
The Waste House has served as an inspiration for many visiting students from regional tertiary colleges, as well as students from the university’s School of Science and Engineering. Indeed, while on site a Jordanian PhD student approached the university asking if he could be involved in the digital monitoring of the external wall fabric. He moved to the UK to do just this. The Waste House also hosts regular school visits on Wednesdays, where open design workshops are held.
In March 2013 Nick Gant and Baker-Brown curated a three-day seminar entitled ‘The WasteZone’ as part of EcoBuild 2013. Twelve guest speakers discussed the idea of waste as a valuable resource from many different perspectives. The Waste House team also designed and erected the 9m-tall ‘waste totem’, drawing the attention of the 65,000 visitors towards issues of reuse. Since this event, a new reuse-themed zone, called ‘Resource’, has been launched at EcoBuild. We feel we may have played a small role in enabling that to happen.
The Waste House also hosts the University of Brighton’s Sustainable Design MA, with students working in the first-floor studio two days a week. Prof Jonathan Chapman and Nick Gant have their office on the ground floor. Community groups, local schools and other educational establishments, as well as local and international businesses and local authority groups, use the Waste House. The building hosts meetings, lectures and symposia with large construction contractors as well as commercial enterprises such as The Body Shop and Marks & Spencer.
Perhaps the biggest legacy the Waste House project leaves is that of raising awareness of the negative issues associated with society’s linear, throwaway, consumer-led lifestyle. The building has many stories associated with the materials collected and residing within it. For example, an airline cabin-service company at Gatwick Airport collected 25,000 plastic toothbrushes for the project in only four days. These statistics stop you in your tracks, as it were, and get you thinking about where ‘stuff’ comes from and where it currently ends up. Perhaps it will also encourage more people to realise the potentials for reuse and, more particularly, the potential for designers to play a huge part in our future circular economy, and, of course, to understand that ‘there is no such thing as waste, just stuff in the wrong place’.

Energy consumption

  • 22,50 kWhpe/m2.year
  • 85,00 kWhpe/m2.year
  • Other

  • 22,50 kWhfe/m2.year
  • Metered electricity 1/5/14 – 29/1/15 2388 kWh
    Annualised metered electricity3200 kWh
    Annualised PV used on site500 kWh
    Total Annual electricity use3700 kWh
    This can be subdivided:
    Annual heating and hot water 500 kWh            = 29.4 kWh/m2                  = 1293 kgCO2 pa               = 15.2 kgCO2/m2

    Annual other electrical use1200 kWh            = 14.1 kWh/m2                 = 620 kgCO2 pa                 = 7.3 kgCO2/m2

    Metered PV generation 1/5/14 – 29/1/15 3809 kWh 

    Annualised PV generation4200 kWh            = 49.4 kWh/m2                 = 2171 kgCO2 pa               = 25.5 kgCO2/m2

    Assumed PV electricity used on site        500 kWh

    This building currently creates approximately 30% more electricity than it consumes

Envelope performance

  • 0,20 W.m-2.K-1
  • See attached document presented by Robinson Associates

Real final energy consumption

    2 015

Systems

    • No heating system
    • Individual electric boiler
    • No cooling system
    • Double flow heat exchanger
    • Solar photovoltaic
  • 130,00 %
  • We have a domestic MVHR system by Vent Axia

GHG emissions

  • 25,50 KgCO2/m2/year
  • 30,00 year(s)
  • 765,00 KgCO2 /m2
  • This figure will be more than offset by the electricty generated by the 4kw PV Solar panels on the roof of the building that currently generate about 30% more energy than the this all-electric building generate.

Life Cycle Analysis

    Not available

    We have prevented over 60 tonnes of construction, and other, waste and surplus material being sent to landfill or incineration. We have attached a schedule of these materials.

Water management

    This information is not known but can be submitted if needs be.

Indoor Air quality

    We have just had this monitored by a colleague and we are awaiting results which should be available in September 2018

Health & Comfort

    We have just had this monitored by a colleague and we are awaiting results which should be available in September 2018

    This is very satisfactory

Product

    FREEGLE UK

    Cat fletcher

    cat.scrig@gmail.com

    60 Tonnes of waste material from the construction and domestic waste streams

    It works very well

Construction and exploitation costs

  • 450 000,00
  • 5 000,00
  • 300 000
  • 120 000

Urban environment

The existing East wing of the Grand Parade Faculty of Art campus forms the Northern boundary of Brighton Waste House (BWH)  site. The Western boundary is also defined by existing buildings. However the South & East boundaries are currently enclosed by an existing 2.4m high chain link fence and matching opening gate.

The site in the northeast corner of the Faculty of Arts' Grand Parade courtyard has access from the courtyard, and from William Street, running directly off Grand Parade. A sign hanging out from the building, and temporary installations on the green in front of the Grand Parade building, both designed by Brighton students (in the manner of the temporary constructions outside the Serpentine Gallery in London), would alert the public to the whereabouts of the entrance on William Street, thereby keeping public access and university access separate. A simple division of the ground floor of SUS into a campus side and a public side would allow access to the building at different times for different users.

TREES: There are no trees near or adjacent to BWH site. There are however substantial trees in the courtyard enclosed to the North East of the plot.

HARD & SOFT LANDSCAPING: We are suggesting a hardwood timber deck forming the entrance route off Grand Parade Mews. The grass lawn to the East and North of BWH will be kept as existing.

SITE ACCESS: BWH is positioned on South East corner of the Grand Parade campus so that it can be accessed by pedestrians, when necessary, directly off Grand Parade Mews (an un-adopted road off William Street) when the University buildings are closed. When the Faculty of Art buildings are open THTKB can be accessed off Grand Parade via the central landscaped courtyard.

HARDSTANDING FOR CARS: There is no provision for additional car parking on site.

ACCESSIBILITY: BWH is accessed from its new front doors on the South elevation via a level threshold.

WC facilities can be found in existing Faculty of Art buildings on campus. All fully in accordance with the stipulations of the Disability Discrimination Act.

TRANSPORT LINKS: BWH is under two minutes walk from bus services running into the town centre and beyond. Shops are within walking distance. Brighton town centre is 5 minutes walk away from the site.


Land plot area

320,00 m2

Built-up area

50,00 %

Green space

20 000,00

Parking spaces

None

Building Environmental Quality

  • Building flexibility
  • indoor air quality and health
  • works (including waste management)
  • consultation - cooperation
  • acoustics
  • comfort (visual, olfactive, thermal)
  • waste management (related to activity)
  • energy efficiency
  • renewable energies
  • building end of life management
  • building process
  • products and materials

Contest categories

Energy & Temperate Climates

Energy & Temperate Climates

Low Carbon

Low Carbon

Users' Choice

Users' Choice

Green Solutions Awards 2018 - Buildings

 Green Solutions Awards Winner
 Low Carbon Prize

Author of the page

  • Duncan Baker-Brown

    Senior Lecturer and Director of BBM Sustainable Design


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