- Building Type : Isolated or semi-detached house
- Construction Year : 2020
- Delivery year : 2021
- Address 1 - street : Confidentielle 4974 DIPPACH, Luxembourg
- Climate zone : [Cfb] Marine Mild Winter, warm summer, no dry season.
- Net Floor Area : 1 004 m2
- Construction/refurbishment cost : 1 €
- Cost/m2 : 0 €/m2
Primary energy need :
(Calculation method : RGD du 30 novembre 2007 - bâtiment d'habitation )
After the first sketches in May 2019, the construction of this single-family house project, integrating an approach that wants to be the most respectful of the environment, began in 2020.
Faced with a significant urban influence, it was obvious for the owners, from the beginnings of the project, to include it in a sustained logic of sustainable development, in line with current environmental concerns.
The major challenges of the program of this large-scale construction, with an approximate net surface area of 1,000m2, therefore consisted of a functional architectural design, responding to the energy and comfort constraints of the occupants and a discreet urban integration into the urban fabric. existing residential area and its surrounding natural environment.
The client and the project management team thus worked together to find inventive solutions and in particular focused on innovative construction techniques offered by the manufacturer Leko Labs. Indeed, the use of factory prefabricated wood materials, combined with 3D models created upstream is a first in a single-family house project of this magnitude.
Beyond the innovative side of the construction techniques, the energy production facilities and the refined architectural line making it possible to approximate the volumes of the neighboring houses to limit any impact on the surrounding urban fabric, the comfort of the occupants was at the center of concerns from the design phase.
Thus, in addition to taking into account the different possibilities of use, the members of the project management pushed their reflections on how the building could become a comfortable space and a source of well-being for its occupants. They were therefore interested in the different dimensions of comfort (thermal, acoustic, air quality, light, etc.) but also in the interior design that the architect took particular care of by working in collaboration with a Feng Shui expert from the habitat.
Particular care has therefore been taken in the study of fluids or even in the orientation and arrangement of the various rooms and furniture, to place the occupants in such a way that they capture the favorable energies of their environment.
DesignerVasistas firstname.lastname@example.org Architecture
Structures calculistPlan B Ingénieurs-Conseils email@example.com Technical engineer
Other consultancy agencyBetic Ingénieurs-Conseils firstname.lastname@example.org Technical engineer
ManufacturerLeko Labs email@example.com Manufacturer / Supplier of prefabricated elements
CompanyFrançois Kieffer firstname.lastname@example.org Installer
Owner approach of sustainability
Although the choice of a concrete framework and the use of "classic" materials were initially privileged, the discussions between the client and the architect led them in a second time to apprehend the project in a a more sustained sustainable development approach and thus favor a prefabricated wooden framework , of which the wood used for the manufacture of the walls comes from the Greater Region (Vosges, Black Forest, Luxembourg, etc.).
This choice made it possible to provide a more complete response to needs, by integrating urban planning, functional and technical considerations with the economy of resources, ecology and the biology of materials. The realization of this building thus demonstrates that a new type of construction is possible in the field of single-family homes, whatever their sizes.
Thanks to proven techniques such as underfloor heating or a cooling ceiling system to ensure comfort and techniques to increase the ecological quality of the building such as the recovery of rainwater via 2 cisterns (one on the garden side and one street side), a photovoltaic installation on the roof, treatment with biological filtration for bacteria in the swimming pool, the building was designed to promote a balance between ecological approach and functional construction. Also with an ecological perspective, the installation of two stations for recharging electric cars has also been planned.
The special techniques also include a geothermal heat pump system for heating needs, a heat pump coupled with a thermal system for the production of domestic hot water and a double flow ventilation system with heat exchanger .
The approach taken by the various actors in the project will enable the building to obtain an energy performance class A and aim to obtain the Luxembourg sustainable construction certification “ LENOZ ”.
The architectural concept consisted of creating a building that would dare to assert itself with certainly the purest lines, but while entering into dialogue with the existing heritage of the district. Thus, the architecture is intended to be more timeless than contemporary , in accordance with the wishes of the client. The creation of several volumes which "fit together" with in particular a recessed top floor, give a certain lightness to the volume . The lines are therefore intended to be rhythmic to avoid the massiveness that the creation of a block in one piece could have led. This architectural rhythm is also amplified just as much by the play of facades , mixing plastered surfaces and natural stone surfaces. The timeless character of the building is guaranteed by sober tones, which make the building warm and justify that contemporary shades such as black or white were not used.
The single-family house is made up of several levels, including a basement, a ground floor and two floors. The comfort of the inhabitants is reinforced by the large bay windows offering an impression of inside-outside and guaranteeing optimal contributions of natural light.
In this desire to be part of an approach respectful of the environment , the large-sized stones, found in the ground at the start of the works, were preserved and reworked in order to include them completely in the landscape architecture but also used as retaining walls. The use of mineral materials and wood, was carried out both outside and inside the house to give it a family and cozy atmosphere .
- 31,00 kWhep/m2.an
- 45,00 kWhep/m2.an
- 12,00 kWhef/m2.an
- Geothermal heat pump
- Heat pump
- Solar Thermal
- Geothermal heat pump
- Double flow heat exchanger
- Solar photovoltaic
- Solar Thermal
- Heat Pump on geothermal probes
- 22,00 %
- 7,70 KgCO2/m2/an
Life Cycle Analysis
Indoor Air quality
Health & Comfort
Leko Labs wooden superstructure
Gros œuvre / Structure, maçonnerie, façade
The wooden solution offered by the manufacturer Leko Labs has many advantages for new construction compared to more traditional methods. Based on the assumption that 2/3 of the world's population will live in cities and that concrete is one of the most polluting elements today, the company offers a rapid, efficient and ecological construction system.
In fact, the construction time with the Leko Labs superstructure is cut in half and can be used for any construction.
LEKO Labs has indeed developed a highly automated means of prefabrication which revolutionizes the way of approaching low carbon construction. Using software, they translate an architect's plans into a "LEKO Superstructure" in just a few minutes. Each wall of the digital model is represented by a data package which is then transmitted to an automated production line, at the heart of which the parts will be shaped and then assembled by robots to form the walls. All that remains is to assemble them on site. Greener houses, recyclable, positive carbon footprint, produced in a very short timeframe, this innovation clearly opens up the possibilities.
LEKO Labs is working with Betic Consulting Engineers on this project so that special techniques are also integrated into the process. In the long term, the openings, the passages, the dimensions will be automatically calculated on the basis of the technical drawings provided by the technical engineering offices to be integrated into the production.
This single-family house is not only the most efficient from an energy point of view and aims for the very rigorous LENOZ certification which takes into account criteria in 6 categories:
- The location of housing.
- The societal dimension : criteria evaluating the social functions within an apartment building and the use of the land.
- The economy : criteria evaluating the energy costs of housing.
- Ecology : criteria assessing, among other things, the environmental effects of the construction materials used.
- The building and its technical installations : criteria linked to the quality of the building and its technical installations.
- Functionality : criteria aimed at ensuring the satisfactory use of the accommodation.
In addition, the building stands out for its innovative wooden structure created by Leko Labs, a first for a project of this scale, with such a height. This construction embellished with this framework demonstrates the future possibilities of wood constructions for single-family homes and residences.