Primary energy need :
(Calculation method : Other )
The MOR project was realised in 2019, for the Solar Decathlon Europe Competition.
A group of over 46 TU Delft students came together, from 8 different disciplines and 20 different nationalities, all sharing a passion for sustainability.
MOR’s innovative and feasible solutions were awarded 8 out of the 10 contest categories, setting a world record and rewarding the team with the 2nd overall prize.
MOR stands for Modular Office Renovation. It translates the mission of the team: to transform under-performing office buildings into net-positive, flexible buildings. This goal was guided by the principles of modularity and circularity.
MOR implemented and validated its modular design & engineering solutions into a full scale prototype, showcasing how future dwellings could look like.
The prototype resembles a cutout of the iconic Europoint Towers, located in the M4H district in Rotterdam.
The towers represents a typical office building, built in the 1970s, in the well-known “international style”.
The apartment that was built is meant to accommodate two people, in a 50m2 space, with a winter garden. The layout suits the young professionals’ lifestyle, who tend to work from home more and more. The space can easily adapt: from a flexible working space, to individual bedrooms at night, thanks to sliding walls and foldable beds.
The living space can also be expanded to the winter garden, which plays a vital role in the apartment’s technical performance. It indeed pre-heats and/or pre-cools, but also filters the air. This ensures great indoor comfort conditions and a low energy demand.
The prototype built by the MOR team is currently standing in the Green Village, TU Delft.
See more details about this projecthttps://issuu.com/okanturkcan/docs/mor_performance_report_final
MOR team TU Delft
ManufacturerDe Groot en Visser De Groot & Visser BV Marconiweg 1 4207 HH Gorinchem Manufacturing of the facade modules, and help placing the facade on site
Facility managerCroon Wolter en Droos Marten Meesweg 25 3068 AV Rotterdam Main installer
InvestorABN AMRO Financial supporter
Owner approach of sustainability
This prototype was built as a competition entry to the Solar Decathlon Europe 2019. The objective as a team, in joining the competition, was to design the most sustainable prototype, and to gain hands-on experience.
Our goal was to achieve maximum sustainability, and score as many points as possible in the 10 categories of the Decathlon competition, namely: energy efficiency, innovation and viability, communication and social awareness, circularity and sustainability, house functioning, neighbourhood integration and impact, architecture, and comfort conditions.
The performance of our prototype was monitored, during the 3 competition weeks. Our goal was to achieve maximum performance and ratings in all these 10 contests.
This was our first green building project, designed and built by us. This was a unique process for us; a team of around 40 students, designing a prototype during 2 years, with the goal to build it in 15 days during the competition, and to make it the most performing and sustainable building.
Being such a large team and designing for 1:1 scale construction, during 2 years, was a big challenge for us. We had to cope with many team members, but also design for (fast) construction, while making sure that the building is not only viable, but also highly performant.
We decided to build the prototype of a typical 50m2 apartment we designed, with its 25m2 indoor garden.
The layout of this apartment and its garden is adaptable to the users needs, to the time of the day and to the seasons. The modules furnishing the apartment are reconfigurable and transformable, allowing the spaces to be used for various functions, such as living or working. Thanks to moveable partition walls, the apartment can either be divided in various smaller rooms, or be completely free of partitions, offering a large open-plan, where the indoor garden becomes an extension fo the licing space.
The building is used and operated in different ways depending on the climatic conditions, controlled by a Building Management System (BMS), a smart system, the building provides maximum comfort conditions and indoor quality at all times.
If you had to do it again?
In general, the construction process was quite difficult, as we had to do most of it by ourselves, some students having never been on a construction site, actively building things, working with tools, working in height, directing cranes, trucks or automated engines. Managing a construction site is a difficult task in itself, even more tedious when it is about coordinating 40 students, with the pressure of a competition, ensuring safety at all times, and dealing with a construction period limited to 15 days. Being a construction site manager is definitely a job in itself, an we had to learn this on the go. Although we did receive some professional training, and health and safety certification, next time, we will manage a construction site, it will hopefully be with more training, and with professionals. Some of the innovations we integrated didn't perform as we had wished, like the aquaponics system for instance. The system stopped working after some time, as it was not placed under optimal performing conditions. However this innovation was a great research and build experiment, and next time we would place it in a better suited and better controlled environment. However, even though many things did not work out as planned, this was definitely a great learning for all of us, as we all realised that hands-on work is a great eye-opener, and very often much more valuable than theory.
Building users opinion
During the openings and tours we gave of our prototype, both in Delft and in Hungary (where the competition took place), we received great feedback from visitors, especially attracted by the green wall. In general the indoor comfort conditions were great during the competitions week: we managed to keep an average of 23 degrees indoors, under the 40 degrees of the Hungarian summer. Although the prototype has been performing as a pavilion so far, where no one has actually lived in for an extended period of time, the users opinions were great, with people appreciating the quality of the space, the thermal and visual comfort and the acoustics. We are currently setting up a research program, where "digital twins" of buildings will be able to record, measure and track data on performance, user's opinions and experience of the space, in real time.
- 51,00 kWhpe/m2.year
- 114,00 kWhpe/m2.year
- 51,00 kWhfe/m2.year
- 114,00 kWhpe/m2.year
Real final energy consumption
- Individual electric boiler
- Heat pump
- Low temperature floor heating
- Radiant ceiling
- Solar thermal
- Individual electric boiler
- Heat pump
- Solar Thermal
- Reversible heat pump
- Floor cooling
- Radiant ceiling
- Natural ventilation
- Nocturnal ventilation
- Double flow heat exchanger
- Solar photovoltaic
- Solar Thermal
- Heat pump
- 137,00 %
- 23,30 m3
- 3,00 m3
Indoor Air quality
Health & Comfort
Riverfood + MOR
An aquaponics system is a system where multiple edible plants, fruits and fish can be grown without soil. Simply said, in this circular system, fish are fed and produce waste which can then be used as nutrition for the plants when converted by nitrifying bacteria. The plants then treat the water and this goes back to the fish. According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 2014), significantly less water is required in an aquaponics system compared to soil based planting systems since the water is used more efficiently. An article that we wrote about the aquaponics system: https://morstudio.nl/urban-food-poduction/
The visitors of the prototype really loved it, they could eat some of the microgreens grown (we also served them in a salad at several diner parties). Kids especially were very intrigued by the fish! Everyone was very eager to get to know about the system. At night, the grow lights would turn the MOR prototype pink, which was also very intriguing for people, who would ask more questions about it.
PCM green wall
Gros œuvre / Système passif
There is a PCM (Phase Change Material) battery in the inner garden, the ventilation unit can supply air directly or via the PCM battery from the courtyard. This circuit can be realized with motor-operated air valves. With the same valves, a regeneration fan can also circulate air over the PCM battery to store (solar) heat or free cooling from the inner garden. This is most evident in the rate of energy transition, where PCM can exhibit the phenomenon of supercooling within the process of phase changing and therefore instantly reduce the room temperature.
The Europoint complex is located in the Merwe-Vierhavens (M4H) district of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. This area is undergoing a transition from an outdated port area with a rich maritime and industrial history, to a place where living, working, and innovation come together, fostering a circular manufacturing industry in Rotterdam.
In line with the undergoing redevelopment of the area, our vision is to contribute making the district innovative and energetically efficient.
Located in the north part of the M4H district, our intervention concerns the Marconiplein and its 3 very recognizable Marconi towers. Their landmark status is what we intend to reinforce, as we want the towers to become the symbol of a new sustainable district in Rotterdam.
We propose these 3 towers to become a “Meeting Point” with both outdoor and indoor activities, capable of answering the needs of new residents and the neighbours, promoting an environment and programs for the community. This idea is reflected in the design of the ground floor of the towers, where public programs, landscape and transportation networks meet.
Therefore, on the Marconiplein, we propose public programs based on the shared-economy principles, for a wide range of users. Outdoors, a public plaza with a park, a playground and a market place will welcome the users. On the ground-floor of the towers, we proposed co-working areas, gym facilities, a kindergarten, an open kitchen and restaurant (which use the locally produced food from the roof garden of the towers).
Besides that, we propose to enhance the accessibility of the area, thanks to shared local means of transport, allowing people to travel freely, without the need of private transport. Examples would include shared electrical cars within the neighbourhood, shared e-bikes or autonomous minibuses. Bike storages will also be spread throughout the area, enhancing the use of clean transportation.
Clear and greener pedestrian and bicycle paths will be made of different materials and crossing points will be signaled for safety reasons. Porous paving will be used in order to avoid water runoff and allow for its natural infiltration. Where possible, vegetation will be implemented in order to reduce heat island effect and also to create an enjoyable promenade.
By addressing the current situation and improving it, our project strives for a more sustainable and resilient environment, fostering a positive change for the city and its users.
This results in a globally replicable and adaptable vision which improves the neighbourhood at different levels, by making it more efficient, sustainable, liveable, resilient, and thus future proof.
Land plot area
38 727,00 m2
33.000 m2 of parking (3 storey building, with a roof covered of solar panels).
Building Environmental Quality
- Building flexibility
- indoor air quality and health
- works (including waste management)
- consultation - cooperation
- comfort (visual, olfactive, thermal)
- waste management (related to activity)
- water management
- energy efficiency
- renewable energies
- building end of life management
- building process
- products and materials