Frugal rehabilitation of a Trièvoise farmhouse

Heritage renovation

  • Building Type : Isolated or semi-detached house
  • Construction Year : 1820
  • Delivery year : 2021
  • Address 1 - street : Saint Beauvais 38710 SAINT BAUDILLE ET PIPET, France
  • Climate zone : [Cfb] Marine Mild Winter, warm summer, no dry season.

  • Net Floor Area : 236 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 350 000 €
  • Cost/m2 : 1483.05 €/m2

Certifications :

  • Primary energy need :
    kWhep/m2.an
    (Calculation method : )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
A
51 à 90B
B
91 à 150C
C
151 à 230D
D
231 à 330E
E
331 à 450F
F
> 450G
G
Energy-intensive building

The traditional farmhouse of Trièves is transformed into a home and workshop, in the heart of a rural landscape, to house the daily life of two contemporary artists. The contracting authority has decided to bring together its living and working place to limit its journeys, which are vectors of high energy consumption.

The rehabilitation project involves the longest of the three buildings, which becomes housing, a woodworking workshop, a music studio and a consulting room.

The project is insulated from the inside with hemp lime concrete and cellulose wadding on the roof. The heating and hot water system is a wood pellet boiler. Ventilation is natural. The non-collective sanitation system is carried out by phyto-purification.

Located in an area with a low landslide hazard , rainwater is discharged into an infiltration trench finely studied by a geotechnical engineer.

Building users opinion

The occupants are very satisfied with the thermal behavior of the building. The heating requirements are very low and the perception of the perceived temperature is good, given the favorable effusivity of lime-hemp concrete.

See more details about this project

 http://www.siloarchitectes.fr/rehabilitation-dune-ferme-dans-le-trieves/

Photo credit

Silo architects and Sandrine Rivière

Contractor

    Privé

Construction Manager

    Silo architectes

    yann[at]siloarchitectes.fr

Stakeholders

    Company

    Ets Mordenti

    Cyril Mordenti

    Stone masonry, concrete masonry, sanitation and VRD


    Company

    Les toits du Trièves

    Lionel Cassaro

    Framework, roofing, zinc work and roof insulation


    Company

    ALEC

    Alexis Rey-Galiay

    Strong and weak current


    Company

    Lehmann & fils

    Peter Lehmann

    Plumber heating


    Others

    AQUATIRIS

    Aurélie Daumergues

    pre-studies, materials supplier and support for self-construction for the phyto-purification sanitation system

Contracting method

Separate batches

Energy consumption

    - The heating and domestic hot water consumption comes from the same pellet boiler without an independent calorie counter. Last year's annual consumption was 2600 kg of pellets. This corresponds to approximately 11,800 kWh for a 236 m² building, knowing that 1 kWh = 0.22 kg of pellets. We therefore obtain a consumption of around 50 kWh/m².year. - Power consumption supports lighting and household appliances, but we don't have data on it. - No ventilation consumption because it is natural. - No cooling in the project.

Envelope performance

    As expressed above, no calculation has been made, we have just largely exceeded the requirements of RT 2005.
    - The concrete slabs are insulated on the underside with a side thermal bridge breaker with 100mm thick polyurethane with an R = 4.65.
    - The roof is insulated with 340mm of cellulose wadding, density 60 kg/m3, i.e. an R = 8.1.
    - The facades are insulated in ITI with hemp lime concrete with a thickness of 200mm for an R = 2.6. This value is only a numerical value which does not reveal all the qualities of this product which is an insulator with inertia (theoretically impossible for thermal software).

  • 0,60

More information

The consumptions that we have sent to you concern the actual consumption of the 1st year elapsed. There was no prior thermal simulation because, for economic reasons for the customer and for regulatory reasons, we were not obliged to make this calculation. Nevertheless, we are well above the performance required by the RT 2005.

Systems

    • Wood boiler
    • Wood boiler
    • No cooling system
    • Natural ventilation
    • Wood boiler
  • 100,00 %
  • La ventilation est naturelle et ne produit donc pas de consommation.

Biodiversity approach

    The building is located in a rural agricultural setting. It is located 10 minutes by car from the nearest town center. A small communal road gives access to the house as well as to 5 other neighbours. The plot is bordered by forest and exploited agricultural field.

  • 2 288,00 m2
  • 300,00 %

Risks

    • Flooding/Fast Recession

    The plot is located in low landslide hazard. In order not to aggravate the risk and to respect infiltration on the plot, we worked with the KAENA geotechnical study office, which helped us to size an infiltration structure using a MATSUO method. This resulted in the creation of a drainage trench with a storage volume of 21.6 m3 capable of coping with ten-year occurrences of rain with a leakage rate set at 0.05 liters / second.

Product

    Hemp lime concrete

    Saint Astier

Construction and exploitation costs

  • 11 963,00
  • 35 000
  • 350 000

Reuse : same function or different function

    • Structural works

    The project is the subject of a strong deconstruction of the original stone masonry. These walls were reassembled by the mason associated with concrete chaining. The reused volume of stone is around 50 m3.

Sustainable design

    Hemp lime: its installation was done in self-construction. Another product would have required the intervention of a company for the installation of industrialized products (cellulose wadding or wood fiber panel).

    The timber is local.

    Wood carpentry.

    Nous avons intégré du béton de chaux chanvre.

GHG emissions

    Project too small to be able to pay for this kind of study

  • 50,00 an(s)

Indoor Air quality

    Natural ventilation installed.

    The occupants ventilate their accommodation by opening the windows with ease.

Comfort

    The living space benefits from 2 large bay windows overlooking the ground level. The ground floor is therefore accessible and in continuity with the access to the land.

    The hemp lime concrete used in interior insulation is a powerful regulator of wall temperature and interior humidity. Thus, in winter, it stores humidity, and in summer, it restores it, functioning as a passive cooler. In addition, this insulating material having inertia, the heat produced in winter is stored in the walls, and even when opening the windows to ventilate the building naturally, a large part of the calories do not escape. .

    Due to the roughness of the hemp lime concrete, the visible joists and the non-orthogonal geometry of the volumetry of the building, the acoustic comfort is exceptional.

Life Cycle Analysis

    We used wood for the frame, wadding for roof insulation, hemp lime concrete in ITI, wood exterior joinery.

Reasons for participating in the competition(s)

The rehabilitation project for this Trièvoise farmhouse was carried out with a strong ecological commitment on the part of the contracting authority and the project manager. Both in terms of the current use of the building and in the construction techniques that have been employed, every precaution has been taken to produce a frugal building . The insulation complex based on 20 cm of sprayed lime-hemp and 35 cm of cellulose wadding on the roof allow the building to consume very little energy in winter and to remain very cool in summer without means of cooling. Effluents (rainwater and wastewater) are treated on the plot by gravity and in particular by phyto-purification for wastewater. The inhabitants live and work on the spot to deeply limit their daily movements.

Building candidate in the category

Prix Résidentiel

Prix Résidentiel

Trophées Bâtiments Résilients 2022

 building
 heritage renovation
 eco-renovation
 materials and solutions
 biosourced
 hemp
 wood
 energy
 self-consumption
 2022 Resilient Buildings Trophies

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