- Building Type : School, college, university
- Construction Year : 2011
- Delivery year :
- Address 1 - street : Grand'rue / Place des Cèdres 69770 MONTROTTIER, France
- Climate zone :
- Net Floor Area : 1 465 m2
- Construction/refurbishment cost : 3 883 000 €
- Cost/m2 : 2650.51 €/m2
Primary energy need :
(Calculation method : RT 2005 )
SUB Award 2013 :
Located in the heart of the village, school strengthens village life and becomes a support to teach children the ecological transition through a low consumption and positive energy building.
Winning project of Prebat 2010 and monitored by ADEME for two years, the school Montrottier infrastructurealready incorporates the city of tomorrow.
The bold choice of the client to implement the new kindergarten and elementary school in the village center, the result of the willingness of the municipality to strengthen the heart of the medieval village and refocus its urban development.
Fragmentation of the school shifted two bars (one cozy kindergarten and other elementary), installs the equipment in the topography while managing courses flat and sheltered from the wind. Classes benefit from this privileged position balcony: the distant views are spectacular. Very advanced in its environmental features, like all projects of the agency Techne, the project led by the mayor enthusiastically shows no ostentatious effects, but already promise performance.
The narrow and elongated tenement is oriented in the long axis NNE / SSW, along shady and cold winds from the west, he wore a contradiction between the most favorable solar orientation, comfortable outdoor spaces and the development of exceptional views. To answer this context, the project is close to the natural terrain of its contours: two rectangular strips oriented SE / NO but not parallel, hosting the program simply, for each school building. The adjoining walk-in are well protected vents.
Underground parts, constituting the base of the equipment, are reinforced in concrete and treated to be similar to the set of stairs and walls around. Above, the wood takes over the frame, cover and cladding. The galleries of distribution, real spaces servants comforts thermal, luminous and acoustic classes and workshops, emerging blankets to take the day to the north.
Their pan roof sloping field receives a photovoltaic sensors, still claiming their role energy to the project. Energy design of this project is guided by sobriety triptych / efficiency / renewable energy. The objective of forecast consumption reached a CEP ref. least 65% of the level of the BBC + RT 2005.
With regard to sobriety, the envelope has been made to ensure a very important level of isolation and a perfect air tightness (25 cm by 24 cm walls and roof). Regarding efficiency, the original design of the double-flow ventilation plays a major role:
- In winter mode, the heat from the exhaust air preheated by the solar circulation galleries facing south, are returned by the Central turbofan fresh air blown into classes. The recovery rate is maximum and heating almost guaranteed. Complement achieved by low temperature underfloor heating.
- In mid-season, when outside temperatures allow it, teachers are encouraged to open the windows for fresh air. Blue light associated with a CO2 sensor informs the air quality in their class. When the windows are open, the fan motors stopped. The school staff is expected to be an actor aware of the energy savings of the building.
- In summer, the refresh uses local asset altitude. The free-cooling: fresh air sweeps night classes and is extracted by natural draft through the chassis high circulation galleries whose windows are controlled by the PLC of Management Systems.
Finally renewables are not left behind. The wood boiler installed at the bottom of the school supplies a heating network serving the school, the cultural center with a nursery, a library, a cinema room and elders room. Two photovoltaic powers cover whole sections of roof on 314 m2, producing 39,440 kWh / year, which is twice the power consumption of the school.
Beyond the energy issue, the environmental provisions of this equipment are multiple green roofs and permeable soils, gardens and orchards educational recycling rainwater for watering parks and sanitation, healthy materials, High sound quality premises and circulation, natural light very generous in all local ...
Finally, although the tender was European companies used come mainly from a radius of 100 km around the village nearest the framing business, has his studio at the entrance Montrottier. The economic vibrancy and artisanal Monts du Lyonnais has limited footprint of the site.
Sustainable development approach of the project ownerChaverot Bernard, Mayor of Montrottier since 2001, has made his school project mandate. "We took our time with the parents." Then makes a long work program definition and visits many buildings to set a very precise specifications. "This is the total of good ideas that matter!" Its commitment to environmental issues led him to convince his fellow citizens of the effectiveness of bioclimatic design and renewable energy. On the findings of a feasibility study conducted by the CAUE 69, he decided to install the new school on reserve land available in the village center. Everyone agrees on the idea of the school, a real village square. The project aims to construct a building simple, "low consumption", with rainwater, creating a network of wood heat boiler replacement and gas very energy photovoltaic equipment. Beyond the building, traffic and service to the school was a sensitive issue for citizens: Bernard Chaverot took advantage controversial "make room for the car but not the whole place." Today the car finds its place in the background under the trees. Points of the most successful achievement for this former teacher are "non-noise" so difficult to get to places of childhood, the "vast natural light" and "non-loss" of energy .
Architectural descriptionFragmentation of the school shifted two bars (one cozy kindergarten and other elementary), installs the equipment in the topography while managing courses flat and sheltered from the wind. Classes benefit from this privileged position balcony, which is "fit" the great scenery in theaters: the distant views are spectacular. To hoist the kindergarten level up, stand in the way of a municipal parking Gouttevine home whose location participates in the economic balance of the transaction. The elemental, she is also installed on two levels, with a manway double height that introduces lighting, natural ventilation and solar gain winter. Classes, which have berries on these circulations sunny calm and enjoy the landscape agriculture and forestry, without fear of overheating in mid-season. A fully glazed gallery for whiling away the distant views from the square and the entrance to the school group, the connection between the modules, including the common lobby located in the north gable Elementary. To demonstrate the institution in the public space, the courtyard of the smallest sprocket and the room change form a fine line instead.
Building users opinion
Occupants have noted from the relocation of classes in the new school a marked improvement in the concentration of children they attribute to the sound quality premises and the quality of ventilation.
Daylighting ubiquitous and distant views of the landscape are much appreciated.
The court, as for him, is the joy of bowlers.
See more details about this projecthttp://www.tekhne-architectes.com/#/architectures/groupe_scolaire_bepos_a_montrottier_11/
Construction ManagerTekhnê architectes [email protected]
- -2,00 kWhep/m2.an
- 172,13 kWhep/m2.an
- 0,43 W.m-2.K-1
The building is the criterion BBC + Effinergie 2005, but the production of its photovoltaic exceeds the primary energy needs which achieves performance BEPOS (positive energy building).
- Low temperature floor heating
- Individual electric boiler
- No cooling system
- Natural ventilation
- Nocturnal ventilation
- Double flow heat exchanger
- Solar photovoltaic
- Wood boiler
- 102,00 %
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