Municipal Technical Center - La Roche Sur Yon

New Construction

  • Building Type : Factories
  • Construction Year : 2014
  • Delivery year : 2015
  • Address 1 - street : 85000 LA ROCHE SUR YON, France
  • Climate zone : [Cfc] Marine Cool Winter & summer- Mild with no dry season.

  • Net Floor Area : 1 270 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 823 819 €
  • Cost/m2 : 648.68 €/m2

Certifications :

  • Primary energy need :
    59.1 kWhep/m2.an
    (Calculation method : RT 2012 )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
A
51 à 90B
B
91 à 150C
C
151 à 230D
D
231 à 330E
E
331 à 450F
F
> 450G
G
Energy-intensive building

On this project, the initial objective of the contracting authority was the partial demolition of municipal technical center and the creation of a new building with a standard thermal performance level (RT2012 for the office and workshop area at 12 ° C therefore outside the box RT). The project manager convinced the client to build the building according to the Passivhaus standard, assuring him that the initial budget would be retained. In the end, the building was built for less than the budget: the initial budget was € 1,700,000 excluding tax for a total construction cost of € 1,471,400 excluding tax. To achieve this level of performance at low cost, the passive concept was applied to this industrial building using simple and prefabricated industrial construction processes, coupled with a simplification of technical systems. The building envelope is made of metal frame with walls made of polyurethane sandwich panels, usually used in the development of negative cold rooms . The concrete floor of the locker room is also insulated with polyurethane while for the workshop, it has been favored a vertical peripheral insulation of a height of 1.2m. The roof in steel tank is insulated uniformly on the 2 areas with placement of rockwool and polyurethane (U = 0.106W / m².K). Finally, this powerful thermal envelope is completed by the establishment of triple joinery glazing on the cloakroom AND on the workshop (MINCO chassis for locker rooms and STABALUX for the workshop) as well as insulating and waterproof sectional doors (DPU from Hormann: Up = 0.44W / m².K) With these constructive methods set a rigorous implementation, the airtightness reached at the end of construction is 0.44 volume per hour on 50 Pascal. To ensure air renewal, a single Passivhaus-certified Helios double flow control unit is used. The building thus designed has a heating requirement of 8kWh / m².an (12 kWh / m² for the locker rooms and 7 kWh / m² for the workshop) with an average temperature of 20 ° C in the changing rooms and 17 ° C in the workshop.
For heating, given the very low requirements and in order to reduce the overall cost, the transmitters are simple electrical panels in the locker rooms and electric radiant cassettes for the workshop. The production of domestic hot water of the workshop is also electric, with the installation of small balloons near the points of drawing. The sanitary hot water of the locker rooms is produced by a solar thermal system from Viessmann with installation of vacuum panels installed on the plane of the sunscreens of the South facade. This passive building is in the process of being certified. It guarantees users exceptional comfort compared to the level initially planned.

Data reliability

3rd part certified

Contractor

    City of Roche sur Yon

    M. Damien BULTEAU - bulteaud@ville-larochesuryon.fr - 02.51.47.47.52

Construction Manager

    KASO Architecte

    M. Bruno MARTIN - bruno.martin@kaso-archi.fr

Stakeholders

    Thermal consultancy agency

    Equipe Ingénierie

    M. Tugdual ALLAIN - t.allain@equipe-ing.fr - 02.41.55.35.21

    Thermal design office, structure, construction economics and OPC + prime contractor


    Other consultancy agency

    SETHEL

    M Jean Marc LE CANN - contact@sethel.fr

    Fluid studies office

Contracting method

Separate batches

Owner approach of sustainability

The choice of passive construction is part of the energy saving approach of the city

Architectural description

The building is industrial type meeting the needs of functionality and economy.

Energy consumption

  • 59,10 kWhep/m2.an
  • 132,10 kWhep/m2.an
  • RT 2012

  • 42,40 kWhef/m2.an
  • According to PHPP calculation
    Heating = 9.6kWh / m².year
    ECS = 11.8 kWh / m².year
    Lighting = 19.0kWh / m².year
    Ventilation = 1.1kWh / m².year
    Other uses = 0.9kWh / m².year

    The monitoring of actual consumption in 2016 and 2017 shows that the final energy consumption of the building is 18kWh / m².year against 42kWh / m². year in the PHPP calculation. It is explained by:
    - the low use of heating in the workshops (0.9kWh / m².year against 8.8kWh / m².year estimated in the calculation)
    - the less important use of the lighting of the building (9.1kWh / m².year against 19.0kWh / m².year in the calculation PHPP
    For ventilation and heating cloakrooms, consumption is very similar to PHPP calculation

Envelope performance

  • 0,18 W.m-2.K-1
  • Internal metal structure wrapped by walls of polyurethane sandwich panels usually used for the walls of negative cold rooms.
    For locker rooms, the walls are 150mm Kingspan polyurethane panels with a complement of 140mm inner glass wool for performance U = 0.1W / m².K
    For the workshop, the walls are in Kinspan KS 1180 AB sandwich panels of 220mm for a performance U = 0.11W / m².K
    The slab of the locker room is insulated on the underside by 120mm of polyurethane (U = 0.182W / m².K)
    The slab of the workshops is not insulated on the underside. Vertical peripheral insulation of 120mm is implemented over a height of 1.2m.
    The roof is made of polyurethane insulated steel tank and rock rock wool for a performance U = 0.10W / m².K
    The thermal envelope is completed by the implementation of wood-aluminum triple-glazed joinery for cloakrooms and aluminum for the workshop (Uw implementation = 1.05W / m².K)
    Sectional doors are also very efficient, Hormann type DPU (U = 0.44W / m².K)

  • 0,48
  • n50

  • 0,44

Real final energy consumption

    18,00

    1 460,00

    2 016

Systems

    • Electric radiator
    • Solar Thermal
    • No cooling system
    • Nocturnal ventilation
    • Single flow
    • Double flow heat exchanger
    • Solar Thermal
  • 10,00 %
  • Helios KWL EC 1400 Double Flow System certified by PHI (82%) for changing rooms
    Workshop ventilation linked to the process: 2 exhaust extractors and an extractor linked to the welding workshop with compensation but with a maximum operation of 2h / j

    Natural summer ventilation workshops and locker rooms to avoid refreshing

GHG emissions

  • 94,38 KgCO2/m2/an
  • Calculation following label E + C- (software pléaide)

  • 848,54 KgCO2 /m2
  • 50,00 an(s)
  • 47 000,00 KgCO2 /m2
  • Perimeter on the building only. Calculation method of the E + C label

     Resultat E3 C2

Life Cycle Analysis

    No LCA, only on the E + C calculation engine

    No ecomaterial for a project whose objective was the low cost of construction with the best energy performance (Passivhaus).

    The use of prefabricated industrial materials is consistent with the function of the site.

Water management

  • 38,00 m3
  • 1 488,00 m3
  • Data from water meter readings.
    Recovery of rainwater roofing in tarpaulins (3x50m3) for the supply of sanitary facilities, the vehicle washing station and the maintenance of outdoor spaces

Product

    Metal sandwich panel Ks 1180 AB

    Kingspan

    https://www.kingspan.com/fr/fr-fr/contact

    Gros œuvre / Système passif

    Metal sandwich panel with 220mm filling of polyurethane

Construction and exploitation costs

  • 134 500
  • 1 471 400

Urban environment

The project is part of an industrial site gathering all the technical activities of the city of rock on yon.

Land plot area

36 292,00 m2

Built-up area

25,00 %

Parking spaces

212 parking spaces (only 12 spaces created for the new project and 200 existing spaces on the entire plot)

Building Environmental Quality

  • water management
  • energy efficiency
  • renewable energies
  • Energy = The building complies with the Passivhaus standard with heating requirements of 8kWh / m².year and total primary energy consumption of 92 kWhEP / m².year, all with a construction price of 800 € / m² (excluding process), lower than the initial budget of the customer who wanted a building compliant with the French regulatory standard. The overall cost of the project is really optimized and the operating and maintenance costs are very low given the simplification of systems.
  • Comfort = Compared to the initial demand of a standard building, the gain in comfort is very important because there is no thermal obligation to isolate an industrial building simply maintained at 12 ° C. With the passive design, all the walls are insulated to guarantee a U performance.

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Energie & Climats Tempérés

Energie & Climats Tempérés

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