Low carbon townhouses

  • Building Type : Terraced Individual housing
  • Construction Year : 2016
  • Delivery year : 2017
  • Address 1 - street : 8 rue du Père Christian Roussin 94800 VILLEJUIF, France
  • Climate zone : [Cfb] Marine Mild Winter, warm summer, no dry season.

  • Net Floor Area : 277 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 587 349 €
  • Number of Dwelling : 3 Dwelling
  • Cost/m2 : 2120.39 €/m2
  • Primary energy need
    62 kWhep/m2.an
    (Calculation method : RT 2012 )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
A
51 à 90B
B
91 à 150C
C
151 à 230D
D
231 à 330E
E
331 à 450F
F
> 450G
G
Energy-intensive building

This operation diversifies the housing offer in an old residential area. It is part of the current context of densification of this district following the evolution of urban regulations. This eco-construction project offers townhouses within a condominium whose outdoor spaces constitute the common areas. It has 3 very compact low-energy units of 70 m2 each, one house in simplex and two in duplex. The project thus refers to a unitary but open urbanity, from within the plot itself.

 

Location of housing

The first construction is located at the back of the plot backing onto the northern dividing line of the land. Its main openings face south towards a part of the private garden and access is from the street, through the passage cleared by the elevation of the 2 other dwellings.

This elevation also allows the development of a private parking area for residents. Each is installed on the property line. The plot being narrow, the proximity of the facades of the 2 raised buildings is managed by a subtle distribution of openings avoiding vis-à-vis. Thus, while the second house is mainly open on the east facade with a terrace upstairs, the third opens in the same way to the west. The privacy of the housing units is preserved while pooling the outdoor spaces (garden, bicycle room, waste room).

Engineering design

The green terraces are accessible for maintenance via a roof window with overhead lighting integrated into the roofs. The solar gains were highlighted, in particular by the specific painting of the embrasures of the roof windows according to a color code specific to each house (reference to the neoplasticism of the DeStijl movement). The exterior walls of the building have been treated with a white mineral-look plaster forming geometric volumes underlined by the anthracite metallic lines, with large thermally efficient windows, sometimes sliding or hinged, favoring an optimal solar contribution.

The exterior landings for access to the houses as well as the terraces accessible to the upper floors have been treated with grating and covered with composite slats in a light wood color. For the house placed on the ground, a larger wooden slatted terrace was created, completed by a sterile strip made above a peripheral drainage at the foot of the facades.

Dry construction and environmental approach.

It is a lightweight construction using mixed wood-metal-concrete, low-carbon, thermal inertia and reinforced insulation frame panels. The envelope of the houses with its large bay windows is thermally efficient, promoting optimal solar gain as well as effective solar protection.

Sustainable development approach of the project owner

Program and context

Located in an old suburban district close to the city center, this project proposes a renewal of the urban habitat in this district by a soft densification which takes into account the new lifestyles (in particular of the young households).

Architectural description

Each house is a variation of the others and all have equivalent qualities. The outdoor spaces are shared (garden, bicycle room, waste room) while preserving the privacy of the homes.

The homes are equipped with low-temperature heated floors (gas boiler), domestic hot water by thermodynamic tank (electric), remote-controlled electric shutters and access control by intercom, as well as green roofs with rainwater recovery in buried diffusion-retention tanks for the maintenance of gardens and common areas.

Building users opinion

The objectives of thermal and energy performance lead to a certain compactness of homes. This architectural density is well accepted by the occupants who appreciate the transparency towards the shared gardens, the air quality and the intimacy of the interior spaces as well as the changing qualities of natural lighting throughout the day.

If you had to do it again?

The coordination of the batches by a demanding project management is essential in order to ensure a good interface between the concomitant GO batches.

See more details about this project

 https://www.architectes-pour-tous.fr/patrice-cros-etudes-de-projets-realisations/habitat-intermediaire-villejuif

Photo credit

Patrice Cros

Contractor

Construction Manager

Stakeholders

    Thermal consultancy agency

    ERTC

    Pascal TCHENGANG

    Thermal study


    Other consultancy agency

    CIB SARL

    Luc Rempenault

    Concrete structure engineering


    Other consultancy agency

    VERBEKE

    Guillaume Botte

    Geotechnical studies

Type of market

Global performance contract

Energy consumption

  • 62,00 kWhep/m2.an
  • 71,00 kWhep/m2.an
  • RT 2012

    Average of the 3 dwellings: Heating 39.70 kWh / m2 / year Hot water 16.20 kWh / m2 / year Ventilation 2.50 kWh / m2 / year Lighting 3.50 kWh / m2 / year

Envelope performance

  • 0,37 W.m-2.K-1
  • The load-bearing envelope was designed as a lightweight modular construction using mixed wood-metal frame panels. The exterior walls and exterior floors have reinforced ITE and ITI insulation as well as the green roofs (for the recovery of rainwater in buried diffusion-retention tanks for watering the gardens and the various maintenance uses of the parts. municipalities). The large bay windows are thermally efficient, promoting optimal solar gain as well as effective acoustic and solar protection (remote-controlled roller shutters). Acoustics and thermal inertia are reinforced on the internal faces by the concrete screed of the heated floors. Green roofs are technically accessible via the overhead lighting integrated into the roofs. Natural lighting was particularly emphasized.

  • 3,80
  • n50

  • 0,64
  • The architectural project includes 3 very compact units of 70 m2 each, a simplex house and two duplexes. There is no home automation system but common functions controlled by thermostat, external sensors and non-centralized electrical controls: the homes are equipped with PCBT (low temperature underfloor heating), domestic hot water supplied by thermodynamic tank, simple hygroB flow ventilation, electric roller shutters and intercom access control, as well as green roofs with rainwater recovery in buried diffusion-retention tanks for watering gardens and various maintenance uses common areas.

Systems

    • Individual gas boiler
    • Individual electric boiler
    • No cooling system
    • Humidity sensitive Air Handling Unit (Hygro B
    • Heat pump

    Underfloor heating low temperature (PCBT) and auxiliary radiator on the floors. HygroB single flow ventilation centered on wet rooms.

    Thermodynamic BEC

    Le projet architectural comporte 3 unités très compactes de 70 m2 chacune. L'acoustique et l'inertie thermique sont renforcés en faces internes par la chape béton des planchers chauffants basse température (gaz)

Urban environment

  • 367,00 m2
  • 40,00 %
  • 150,00
  • This project is located in an old suburban district near the city center of Villejuif, undergoing major changes due to the development of the urban network of the Grand Paris Express and the creation of a station near the Gustave Roussy hospital center. Public gardens are rare in this sector, but the development of the PLU calls for the development of more vegetated island cores.

    The operation is part of a reasoned approach to the gentle densification of this popular suburban district, on the scale of a land unit.

Product

    Lightweight composite wood-metal frame panel and incorporated insulation

    CH

    Contact Patrice Cros 0661305826

    Gros œuvre / Structure, maçonnerie, façade

    Horizontal and vertical wall kit preassembled lightweight construction. Can be combined with a classic metal structure. Site dry sector, limitation of site waste, possible deconstruction. Kit price / m2: 52 € HT / m2 Supply and installation included.

    Coordination by project management essential to ensure a good interface between the concomitant GO lots.

Construction and exploitation costs

  • 696 133,00
  • 709 900,00
  • 3 500,00
  • 58 384
  • 678 733
  • Thermodynamic BEC

Water management

    The green roofs allow the regulation of the flow of rainwater, which is connected to the retention tanks (underground sumps) for watering and for low diffusion on the ground of the plot. A high overflow, provided in each sump (semi-clay soil), nevertheless allows the evacuation of rainwater to the public collector in the event of heavy rainfall.

Indoor Air quality

    A hygroB single flow CMV has been installed for each house, with the possibility of alternating at any time with natural cross ventilation.

Comfort

    The total bay area of each house (22m2 on average) is more than 82% higher than the regulatory value (12m2 on average). If the objectives of thermal and acoustic comfort may have led to a certain compactness of the dwellings, the occupants nonetheless appreciate the transparency towards the shared gardens, the quality of the air and the intimacy of the interior spaces as well as the qualities natural lighting that changes throughout the day.

    ND

    Température conventionnelle d'été 26°

    ND

    The enclosure of the enclosed-covered enclosure in mixed wood-metal panels with reinforced ITE and ITI insulation provides acoustic insulation, with large acoustically efficient bay windows.
    The concrete screed of the heated floors completes the internal acoustics and thermal inertia.

    La surface totale des baies de chaque maison (22m2 en moyenne) est supérieure de plus de 82% à la valeur réglementaire (12m2 en moyenne).

Reasons for participating in the competition(s)

Dry construction and environmental approach.

It is a lightweight construction using mixed wood-metal-concrete, low-carbon, thermal inertia and reinforced insulation frame panels. The envelope of the houses with its large bay windows is thermally efficient, promoting optimal solar gain as well as effective solar protection.

RT 2012: Perf conso nrj B and emission GES C.

Dry sector and limitation of site waste, clean deconstruction in the long term.

Light load-bearing casing with reinforced thermo-acoustic insulation.

Gas boiler, LV underfloor heating

Thermodynamic electric BEC

Single flow hygroB CMV + cross ventilation

Remote-controlled solar protection

Average / SHAB ratio: + 82% - FSmax: 0.06

Building candidate in the category

Bas Carbone

Bas Carbone

Green Solutions Awards 2020-2021 / France
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 grouped houses low carbon dry sector waste management scheduled deconstruction suburban densification downtown

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Author of the page
Patrice Cros

Architecte DPLG urbaniste IFU


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