China Academy of Building Research NZEBuilding

Last modified by the author on 07/10/2016 - 15:38

New Construction

  • Building Type : Office building < 28m
  • Construction Year : 2012
  • Delivery year : 2014
  • Address 1 - street : 30# Beisanhuandonglu, Beijing, China 100013 BEIJING, China
  • Climate zone : [Cwa] Mild, dry winter, hot and wet summer.

  • Net Floor Area : 4 025 m2
  • Construction/refurbishment cost : 2 600 000 €
  • Number of Work station : 2 Work station
  • Cost/m2 : 645.96 €/m2

Proposed by :

Certifications :

  • Primary energy need
    75 kWhpe/m2.year
    (Calculation method : Primary energy needs )
Energy consumption
Economical buildingBuilding
< 50A
51 à 90B
91 à 150C
151 à 230D
231 à 330E
331 à 450F
> 450G
Energy-intensive building
​The nearly zero energy building (NZEB) at the China Academy of Building Research (CABR) adhered to the design principle of "passive building, proactive optimization, economic and pragmatic". An ambitious annual energy consumption goal of 25 kWh/(m².a) (including heating, cooling and lighting energy) was set during the design phase without compromise of building function and indoor environment quality. The demonstration project integrated best available building energy conservation technologies, striving to build a signature NZEB project and establishing foundation for development of China’s NZEB standard.


Contracting method

General Contractor

Type of market

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If you had to do it again?

The HVAC system could be simpler to achieve the same result

Building users opinion

An indoor environment satisfaction and quality oriented survey is carried out, about 60 questionnaire is distributed to the users. 55 feedback regarding to air environment of the office are received, and 71.4% people feel satisfied and normal satisfied about the air quality, 28.5% people feel very unsatisfied. 45 questionnaires is received regarding to indoor environment to work efficiency. 100% people found the current indoor environment promote work efficiency, and 28.58% people feel very satisfied.

Energy consumption

  • 75,00 kWhpe/m2.year
  • 300,00 kWhpe/m2.year
  • Primary energy needs

    HVAC = 45% (Fan = 13%; Pump = 35 % ; HP = 52%)
    Plug = 31%
    Lighting = 18%
    Other= 6%

Envelope performance

  • 1,20 W.m-2.K-1
  • 0,60

More information

Are shown in the attached files

Real final energy consumption

    22,00 kWhfe/m2.year

    23,00 kWhfe/m2.year

    2 015


    • Geothermal heat pump
    • Low temperature floor heating
    • Others
    • Solar thermal
    • Heat pump
    • Solar Thermal
    • Other hot water system
    • Reversible heat pump
    • Gas absorption chiller
    • Geothermal heat pump
    • Others
    • Floor cooling
    • Double flow heat exchanger
    • Solar photovoltaic
    • Solar Thermal
    • Heat pump (geothermal)
  • 40,00 %
  • 7 heating source:
    Medium temp solar collector, high temp solar collector, GSHP, water loop heat pump, water cooled VRV, thermal storage for heating, external hot-water

    9 cooling source:
    Hot-water driven absorption, GSHP, water cooled VRV, water loop heat pump, thermal storage for cooling, evaporative cooling, liquid desiccant air-conditioning, magnetic suspension chiller

    6 HVAC terminal:
    Radiation ceiling, radiation floor, FCU, VRV, water loop heat pump, radiator

Smart Building

    A complete and precise building energy management system is constructed to monitor energy consumption and more importantly to guide optimize operation of the building. Building Automation system (BAS[2])(Figure 18-20) is constructed and integrated with BE

Urban environment

    The building is located nearby Beisanhuan Road in Beijing and is surrounded by high office buildings.


    Ground source heat pump unit



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    Cooling capacity is about 99.5kW, Power input is set at 18.6kW EER is about 5.3, Heating capacity is set about 103.7kW, power input is about 25.3kW, COP is 4.10

    Operation performance of the equipment is better than the marked value, and noise is small, operation is very stable.

Water management

    Permeable floor is arranged in blank area of facial side of the building, constructed in with water permeable materials. It is very good for groundwater conservation and provides a very good rode environment in raining days especially in rainstorm weather.


    A roof garden was constructed on top of western side(Figure2-7), flowers and grass were planted inside, to provides good sight view and relax for employees, more importantly, it could decreases cooling load in summer season in some extent.

Reasons for participating in the competition(s)

​This project adopted high performance building envelope system to reduce its energy demand. Underground borehole and solar collectors serves the geothermal heat pumps and absorption chiller as the primary cooling and heating sources. Through smart use of renewable and traditional energy, building heating demand in winter is to be met with zero use of fossil fuel and cooling energy consumption in summer to be reduced by 50%.

Various building sensors and metering devices were installed to collect real-time operational data, providing data monitoring, analysis, and control improvement, with aid of EMS and BMS, to realize optimized operation and maximized energy conservation.

Building candidate in the category

Smart building

Smart building

Users' Choice Award

Users' Choice Award

Green Building Solutions Awards 2016

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Green Building Solutions Awards 2016